Herbal Textiles


This kind of art is popular in many provinces in Iran such as Hormozgan, Bushehr, Sistan and Baluchestan, Khuzestan, Gilan and so on. Herbal textiles are made by using the plant stems as well as the Natural fibers. There are also various names for this art such as Wickerwork, Basketwork, Mat weaving, Morvar bafi, Kappo-bafi and Arghavan bafi). 


Khātam is an ancient Persian technique of inlaying. It is a version of marquetry where art forms are made by decorating the surface of wooden articles with delicate pieces of wood, bone and metal precisely-cut intricate geometric patterns. Khatam-kari or khatam-bandi refers to the art of crafting a khatam. Common materials used in the construction of inlaid articles are gold, silver, brass, aluminum and twisted wire. Atigh Jame' Mosque and tomb “Gur-eAmir” are the oldest samples of Khatam. It is worthy of note that Khatam-kari was thoroughly changed in Pahlavi era when the Khatam Hall in the Marble Palace was built. 


Moarragh (similar to abaculus, Abaciscus) is a branch of art created from arranging small parts of different materials besides each other. Different types of Morarragh exist, e.g., Moarragh of tile, leather, wood, etc. Our work is related to Wood Moarragh. The most ancient Moarragh in Iran goes back to the fifth millennium BC in Zabol. The oldest available sample also belongs to Shah Ismail Box which is located in Sheikh Safavi Tomb. This art is mostly displayed on the water-color or oil color paintings. 

Wood carving

Wood carving is a form of woodworking by means of a cutting tool (knife) in one hand or a chisel by two hands or with one hand on a chisel and one hand on a mallet, resulting in a wooden figure or figurine, or in the sculptural ornamentation of a wooden object. Some of the finest extant examples of early European wood carving are from the Middle Ages in Germany, Russia, Italy and France, where the typical themes of that era were Christian iconography. The oldest sample of such art is in Atigh Jame' Mosque in Shiraz that belongs to the third century AH.vv

Wooden dishes and tools

Woodturning is the craft of using the wood lathe with hand-held tools to cut a shape that is symmetrical about the axis of rotation. Like the potter's wheel, the wood lathe is a simple mechanism which can generate a variety of forms. The operator is known as a turner, and the skills needed to use the tools were traditionally known as turnery. As long as there are various kinds of woods in the northern provinces of Iran, this art is still very popular in this area.

Last Update At : 02 October 2017